When you plan to build, extend or change the use of your property you will generally need to consider both Planning Permission and Building Regulations.
If you are planning to build a house in the UK the majority of new building projects which involve new builds or extensions will require planning permission. Planning Permission consists of national regulations
Note that Scotland has a different set of rules to England & Wales
Managing the Planning Permission process is the responsibility of local authorities or in the national parks by the Park Authorities. Unfortunately, each local authority interprets the rules in their own way which means that just because you successfully got planning permission in one area does not mean you will in another.
To further complicate matters there are two types of planning permission:
Outline planning permission
Outline permission - usually last for 3 years and states that it is possible to build a home on the land
Full planning permission
Full planning permission - You need this
before you start. This details the type of building that has
permission and requires detailed plans
Planning permission hints and tips
- Do not buy land without planning permission. It is likely that getting planning permission will be difficult as if it were easy the seller would have already done it as this would substantially increase the value of the land
- Don't give up - even if you don't get planning permission the first time keep trying. If possible work with the planning officers to overcome their objections. If not there are appeals processes in place
You may also need to consider other regulations and consents for your new build, conversion or extension, these include:
- Conservation Areas have special rules
- Tree Protection Orders
- Rights of Way either through your land or restricting development
- Listed Building Consent
- Protection of Wildlife
There are a number of books that can help with planning permission, they can be found here.